They also thought scarab beetles were very important; they represented rebirth and life after death. The Egyptians were very good farmers.
Some of the machines they used are:. Because farmers grew crops near the Nile, they had to schedule their growing season around times when the Nile flooded. By the end of May, all of the crops would have been harvested in time for the Nile to flood again. Egyptian farmers also had oxen pull ploughs through fields. We know about their farming techniques because of the paintings that archaeologists have found that the Egyptians made. The paintings show all sorts of things that the Egyptians did, such as tending livestock and harvesting the crops.
Some make-up had practical uses as well, like black kohl used around the eyes. It shielded eyes from the sun, and it was also a kind of disinfectant that protected against eye diseases. The papyrus that Egyptians made came from reeds that grew along the Nile River, which were called papyrus.
To make paper, they would cut papyrus reeds into strips and spend quite a few days soaking them, rolling them out and repeating that process until the reeds were very thin. All of the thin reeds would be pounded together and clamped down to dry, then polished to smooth it out — the result was a thin yet very strong sheet that was ready to be written or drawn on. The papyrus reeds were actually used for a lot of things besides paper. It was good for making mats to put on the floor, twisting into rope, plaiting together to make boats, and weaving to make baskets and sandals.
The Egyptians also ate it, and used it to make different medicines. The Egyptians made a lot of discoveries about medicine. We know this from reading what they wrote on papyrus, discovered later by archaeologists. They understood about heartbeats and listening for a healthy pulse, and knew how the body and organs worked because of the process of making mummies.
They also learned about the ways that different plants healed different illnesses and injuries, such as aloe vera being good for healing burns. Egyptian society was ranked into different classes, called a hierarchy. It went like this:. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. Who were the Egyptians?
They lived in a very dry area, but they got water from the Nile River the longest river in the world! Farming techniques to water crops included using machines like the sakia and the shaduf — these are still used in Egypt today. The Egyptians tried to stop dead bodies from decaying.
They believed that if they mummified a body and protect it in a pyramid the person would live forever in the afterlife. They did this by removing all the internal organs and brain. The inside of the body was dried and stuffed with linen, natron, sawdust and sweet-smelling spices. The body would then be put into two or three human shaped coffins, one inside the other. These were brightly painted and placed inside the tombs. Inside the tombs rich Egyptians where filled with everything the dead person might need in their next life.
There were such amazing treasures, robbers soon broke into the tombs and stole the treasure. This is why today so little treasure has been found. Later in time the pharaohs and kings were buried in tombs cut deep into the rock in a hidden valley, called the Valley of the Kings.
Even though these were hidden tombs they were still found by robbers who stole the treasures from the tombs. Egypt was attacked by a group of people called Hyksos.
The Hyksos people won as they had horses and chariots and the Egyptians were just on foot. The Egyptians quickly learnt from this and drove them out of their country. Then with their new power they attacked nearby lands and grew a large empire. The Egyptian Pharaohs made the Egyptians battle many times. Pharaoh Tuthmosis III took his army to war 17 times! When he was king the Egyptian Empire was at its largest. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page.
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Where did the Ancient Egyptians live? The Ancient Egyptians lived along the banks of the river Nile in Egypt. Farmers first settled in Egypt along the River Nile around B.C.
The Ancient Egyptians helped us learn a lot about maths, medicine and farming. They also made their own paper out of reeds called papyrus, and wrote using pictures called hieroglyphics. Who were the Egyptians?
Villages and towns of ancient Egypt were situated near the Nile River. It was the chief highway as well as the only source of water. Very little rain fell in ancient Egypt. Rain did fall along other parts of the river, however. Every year the water from that rain would flow downstream and eventually flood the lands of ancient Egypt. Ancient Egyptians were buried with their belongings and the tomb walls were painted with homework from the dead persons life. The objects included furniture, games and even food egypt placed in the tombs for the long After Life journey!
We know that the ancient Egyptians understood geometry because of two important documents from their culture: the Rhind Papyrus ( BCE) and the Moscow . Ancient Egypt for kids learning in KS2 at Primary School. Homework help on the Egyptians, the history of Egypt, Egyptian Empire, hieroglyphs, pyramids, mummification and pharaohs. Time: BC – 30BC. Who were the Egyptians? Ancient Egypt stretched out along the Nile Valley.