The international law of human rights imposes on the state obligation to implement activities to promote and protect human rights. The human rights universality principle forms the basis of the international law of human rights. This principle, which was first acquired special significance with the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of , became a permanent feature in a great number of international declarations, resolutions, and conventions relating to human rights.
For example, in Vienna at the World Conference on Human Rights in , it was noted that the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms are the duty of the state; it does not depend on its political, economic and cultural system.
Each state has ratified at least one of the main pacts in the field of human rights. This fact reflects the general consensus among the states in the relevant field, what imposes legal obligations on them, and affirms the principle of universality.
Some of the basic standards of human rights are secured by customary international law. Human rights are inalienable. Man can not be deprived of them, except in rare cases and in accordance with the law procedure.
For example, if a person committed a crime, and the court admit his guilt, a person may be deprived of the right to freedom. The human rights are a single unit, they are interrelated and interdependent.
These characteristics are related to every human right. For instance, right to equality under the law, right to life, right to freedom of expression these are political and civil rights ; the social, cultural and economic rights are the following: Progress in the following of any right contributes to progress in the following of the other rights.
Likewise, failure to comply with any right adversely affects the realization of other rights. The principle of non-discrimination is a universal principle of international law on human rights.
This principle is present in all major documents relating to human rights. It also is the main subject of different international conventions on human rights. The principle of non-discrimination applies to every person and covers all human rights and freedoms, avoiding discrimination on any of the features, such as sex, race, color or any other trait. The principle of equality completes the non-discrimination principle.
The recognition of human rights is not only a right for their implementation, but also the performance of certain obligations. According to the international law, states assume obligations to respect, protect and fulfill human rights. Respect for human rights implies the non-interference of the state in the exercise of human rights and refraining from restricting rights. Human rights obligation requires states to prevent violations.
Implementation of human rights obliges the state to guarantee the smooth implementation of basic human rights. At the individual level, everyone should respect the rights of others. Human rights are the inalienable, indivisible, and material possibilities of the individual guaranteed by the state to possess and use specific benefits: Providing freedom, the state makes the emphasis on the free, as much as possible independent self-determination of a person in some spheres of public life.
It provides the freedom of the person primarily by non-interference of the country itself, and of all other social subjects. Consequently, freedom is the independence of social and political subjects, expressed in their abilities and capabilities to make their own choices and to act in accordance with their interests and goals.
The task of the state is not only to guarantee the human rights and freedoms, but also to minimize the adverse effects of its intervention in social and economic processes. This task is quite contradictory. On the one hand, the excessive activity of the state in its relations with civil society can lead to a significant narrowing of the range of rights and freedoms of citizens.
The most extreme situation is totalitarianism, under which the freedom of individuals and groups is not available, almost all social relations are regulated by the state. This leads to the deaths of individuals hence contravening this right. The decision to let go of the desire to go to war is a tough one especially when the security of the country matters. Terror gangs kill people using such things as bombs and grenade attacks.
Such killings include the organized terror attacks on the twin towers and abduction of personnel in high seas. Retaliating is a good thing since it would be protecting the country against future attacks.
The only problem is that it would lead to the death of civilians in such countries involved. Brasch also looks at other perspectives including abortion as areas where basic human right to life has been sacrificed.
The right to life is a paramount right. It implies that one has the right to live Arthur It implies that the lives of human beings are sacred. The right to life phrase is a belief that all human beings are entitled to being alive. This concept has been associated with many debates on abortion, war, euthanasia, self-defense and capital punishment.
The right to life is among other inalienable rights inherent to human beings. The other inalienable human rights include the right to liberty and happiness.
Several councils and conventions adopted this as a paramount right to humanity linking it to the fact that without life, there would be no one to whom these rights would apply. All other rights come after this.
They come after human life. Laws in countries stipulate the importance of human life. Ethical associations of this right are attributed to such aspects as euthanasia, capital punishment, lawful killing of persons, abortion and self-defense among others Norman Abortion has been associated with pro life and pro-choice issues. Pro-life issues indicate the importance of the fetus in development of human beings. They are already human. They campaign for keeping of pregnancy to full term.
Pro-choice campaigners believe that the right to choose whether to keep the baby or not lies entirely on the mother. Abortion in many developing countries is illegal.
Many developing countries on the other hand, have legalized abortion. Abortion covered under such topics as medical issues is acceptable to the society Malcolm Mothers under the risk of dying together with their children covered under medical laws allow abortion. This protects the life of the mother. The question arises out of the need to keep the child, as well.
Questions that arise include the need to maintain the pregnancy hoping that the child or the mother will not die in the process. Of contention also is the need to keep the child at the expense of the mother John The paramount question lies in the importance of the mother over the life of the child.
Such debates focus on the mother and the child in such a way that they try to distinguish which of the two lives is better than the other. Pro choice campaigners believe that fetuses are not human beings until they are born.
They do not share the same rights as a human being Rita Pro choice campaigners thus believe that a mother does not harm the fetus when she expels it from her body. She is not defying any rule of law. Pro-life campaigners believe that conception brings about a human being.
This means that during the fetal stage, it is human, and expelling it would be expelling it. This book is widely acclaimed and the author, Lauren P. He also looks at various materials that highlight the basis for the formation of the international criminal court and how it functions. Every scholar and learners with focus on international law and human rights would definitely find this reading a compelling piece.
Lauren incorporates the works of various human rights figures, NGOs and even activists to reinforce her points and hence perfectly handles the issue of bias. Lauren gives her approach a global take.
Lauren is loud on how human right to life has been abused in all areas. Euthanasia refers to mercy killing. It is the killing of individuals that are already on the verge of death and have no chances of survival.
An example of this is in hospital situations where patients are on life support machines Seamus et al Parents and kin may decide to have the doctors pull the plug on the life of the patient. This brings criticism from doctors on the hope that the patient will live. This may also happen on the other way where doctors request the parents and kin to pull the pin on the life of their relative. This may be because the doctors find no hope in the recovery of the patient at all.
This presents a problem for some people want this to happen, and the others are against it. This is also critical in the debate on human rights in that the right to life is essential to human life.
Pulling out the machines on such an individual contravenes the very reason for protecting life. On the other hand, not pulling out the machines means that the family will suffer the consequences of high medical bills, family and social destruction.
The patient will also continue suffering when in the medical equipment. The patient is on the brink of death. This also brings an issue of ethical dilemma where both allowing the death of the patient and not allowing it present two good and justifiable solutions to a problem.
The right to life has been looked at from all corners one of which is the medical issue of euthanasia. There is a school of thought that has held that euthanasia, whether looked at from a religious standpoint, legally, morally and even philosophically, betrays the spirit and the letter of human right to life Mark This act allowed the terminally ill to request the medical personnel to end their lives.
This act did not work for long because after several reviews, the federal parliament amended several legislations that rendered it inoperative. This right shall be protected by law. It has however raised serious concerns about the scope and even the arbitrary ending of life. Utilitarian ethicists like Peter Singer, a philosopher, have argued that the right to life goes beyond just being members of the human species.
He holds that because of the highly unconsultative nature of the way the draft was brought to being, it has seriously influenced negatively on freedoms and violations of pertinent human rights of citizens. In the entire piece, the reader gets the impression that Phillip is the right person to talk about human right abuses because of the manner he articulates his ideas.
Legal killing and capital punishment by hanging have been an issue for debate in many quotas Austin Death has been the ultimate punishment for such mistakes as treason and killing of people.
People stand trial and a jury decides punishment for such individuals. Many countries ascribe to the death penalty. Since time immemorial, many countries have used this method to discipline individuals. The question of whether to give the death penalty has been of concern. Everybody has a right to life.
Giving such a punishment contravenes this rule. Not giving this ruling for individuals caught to have killed their fellow human beings brings in a problem as punishment is in an equal manner to his deeds.
The question of who judges whom also is of concern. This presents an ethical dilemma to the world of human rights.
Human rights in India: It is the duty of every nation to create such laws and conditions that protect the basic Human rights of its citizens. India being a democratic country provides such rights to its citizens and allows them certain rights .
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Types of Human Rights: Human rights in general, may be of two types: (a) Rights which are essential for the dignified and decent human existence, and (b) Rights which are essential for adequate development of human personality. - Human Rights Essay Many people and nations around the world are deprived of human rights. The government in the countries or nations usually can not help the people .
This is a free example essay on Human Rights: The Right to Life for college students, sample essay on Human Rights online. You easily get a custom essay, term paper, research paper on Human Rights. From the moment of the birth every person has certain rights. So in this essay about human rights we will tell you what these rights are.