After the protests ended, angry white people tried to kill Martin Luther King Jr. The attempts were unsuccessful. To make the battle against nonviolence stronger, Martin Luther King Jr. During the sixties, young African-American College boys started sitting at the "white" tables. The protests were broken up by the southern police, who used police dogs and fire hoses. The violence and drama of the protests was shown on television and President Kennedy proposed a bill to deal with this to Congress.
Soon after the segregation laws were withdrawn. The speech was for striking African-American garbage men. He died on April 4, The assassin was convicted and sentenced to only nine years in jail.
Today, in January on his birthday, we have a the national holiday to celebrate his work called Martin Luther King Day. Kings pressure of reform for equality during the civil rights movements of the 's was felt as a predominant force in those times. Until his untimely assassination in , Kings main tool in conveying his powerful messages to t. Martin Luther King Jr. He shows four basic steps that must be taken to achieve nonviolent action.
They include 1 collection of facts to determine whether injustices are alive; 2 negotiation; 3 self-purification; and 4 direct action. Each of these steps will be explained as. Hat most people who reference Dr. King seem not to know is how Dr.
King actually changed the subjective experience of life in the United States for African Americans. And yeah, I said for African Americans, not for Americans, because his main impact was his effect on the lives of African Americans, not on Americans in general. His main impact was not to make white people nicer or fairer. He was one of the greatest American Civil Rights leaders of the s. He was born in in the city of Atlanta, Georgia. His father was a minister at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta.
At fifteen Martin Luther King Jr. He graduated from there in , and, like hi. Martin Luther was born in and died in He was born in Eisleben, Saxony to his father Hans and mother Maragrethe. In Martin Luther began going to the University of Enfurt. His family wanted him to become a lawyer. But Luther vowed to become a monk. Martin Luther studied the New and the Old Testaments and began questioning his faith In he was sent to Wittenburg and studied and le.
The letter was a reply to the eight clergymen; the clergymen were taking the topic of segregation lightly. Sometimes people assume that civil in this case means "observing accepted social forms; polite" which would make civil disobedience something like polite, orderly disobedience. Although this is an acceptable dictionary definition of the word civil , it is not what is intended here. This misinterpretation is one reason the essay is sometimes considered to be an argument for pacifism or for exclusively nonviolent resistance.
For instance, Mahatma Gandhi used this interpretation to suggest an equivalence between Thoreau's civil disobedience and his own satyagraha. The slavery crisis inflamed New England in the s and s. The environment became especially tense after the Fugitive Slave Act of A lifelong abolitionist , Thoreau delivered an impassioned speech which would later become Civil Disobedience in , just months after leaving Walden Pond.
The speech dealt with slavery, but at the same time excoriated American imperialism , particularly the Mexican—American War. Thoreau asserts that because governments are typically more harmful than helpful, they therefore cannot be justified. Democracy is no cure for this, as majorities simply by virtue of being majorities do not also gain the virtues of wisdom and justice.
The judgment of an individual's conscience is not necessarily inferior to the decisions of a political body or majority, and so "[i]t is not desirable to cultivate a respect for the law, so much as for the right. The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right Law never made men a whit more just; and, by means of their respect for it, even the well-disposed are daily made the agents of injustice.
The government, according to Thoreau, is not just a little corrupt or unjust in the course of doing its otherwise-important work, but in fact the government is primarily an agent of corruption and injustice. Because of this, it is "not too soon for honest men to rebel and revolutionize". Political philosophers have counseled caution about revolution because the upheaval of revolution typically causes a lot of expense and suffering.
Such a fundamental immorality justifies any difficulty or expense to bring to an end. Thoreau tells his audience that they cannot blame this problem solely on pro-slavery Southern politicians, but must put the blame on those in, for instance, Massachusetts , "who are more interested in commerce and agriculture than they are in humanity, and are not prepared to do justice to the slave and to Mexico, cost what it may There are thousands who are in opinion opposed to slavery and to the war, who yet in effect do nothing to put an end to them.
Thoreau's Slavery in Massachusetts which also advances this argument. He exhorts people not to just wait passively for an opportunity to vote for justice, because voting for justice is as ineffective as wishing for justice; what you need to do is to actually be just. This is not to say that you have an obligation to devote your life to fighting for justice, but you do have an obligation not to commit injustice and not to give injustice your practical support.
Paying taxes is one way in which otherwise well-meaning people collaborate in injustice. People who proclaim that the war in Mexico is wrong and that it is wrong to enforce slavery contradict themselves if they fund both things by paying taxes. Thoreau points out that the same people who applaud soldiers for refusing to fight an unjust war are not themselves willing to refuse to fund the government that started the war.
In a constitutional republic like the United States, people often think that the proper response to an unjust law is to try to use the political process to change the law, but to obey and respect the law until it is changed. But if the law is itself clearly unjust, and the lawmaking process is not designed to quickly obliterate such unjust laws, then Thoreau says the law deserves no respect and it should be broken. In the case of the United States, the Constitution itself enshrines the institution of slavery, and therefore falls under this condemnation.
Abolitionists , in Thoreau's opinion, should completely withdraw their support of the government and stop paying taxes , even if this means courting imprisonment. Under a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison Cast your whole vote, not a strip of paper merely, but your whole influence. A minority is powerless while it conforms to the majority; it is not even a minority then; but it is irresistible when it clogs by its whole weight.
If the alternative is to keep all just men in prison, or give up war and slavery, the State will not hesitate which to choose. If a thousand men were not to pay their tax bills this year, that would not be a violent and bloody measure, as it would be to pay them, and enable the State to commit violence and shed innocent blood.
This is, in fact, the definition of a peaceable revolution, if any such is possible. Because the government will retaliate, Thoreau says he prefers living simply because he therefore has less to lose. It costs me less in every sense to incur the penalty of disobedience to the State than it would to obey. I should feel as if I were worth less in that case.
He was briefly imprisoned for refusing to pay the poll tax , but even in jail felt freer than the people outside. He considered it an interesting experience and came out of it with a new perspective on his relationship to the government and its citizens.
He was released the next day when "someone interfered, and paid that tax".
Martin Luther King Jr Essay Martin Luther King, Jr. was a civil rights activist in the s and s. He led non-violent protests to fight for .
Practical Guidelines For Choosing A Catchy Essay Title On Martin Luther King Jr. The personality and life of Martin Luther King Jr. has forever been a topic of interest. Starting from his early life, to his becoming a Baptist minister, his “I have a dream” speech to his death, everything is a source of interest and inspiration.
- Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, April 4, ) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from to ; his father has served from then until the present, . A creative title for an English paper on the American Dream might be "America Has a Dream," a reference to both the American Dream and Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. Both Dr. King and people who yearn for the American Dream hope for better futures. In Dr. King's speech at the.
The Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr “White people hate black people and black people hate white p eople.” The previous phrase was instilled into the minds of many Americans, black and white, as a heavily divided nation fatally fought internally for /5(1). Martin Luther King (Jr.) demanded of the black that they used no violence, that nonviolent resistance was the best. It was difficult for black people angry to calm and quiet, but he managed with difficulty.