When fire does occur in tropical regions, that land is often lost to forestry and is re-purposed as agricultural land.
Often the same company might be doing both; logging first, then using cash to invest in clearing the remainder for agriculture. The impact is felt in the forests, but the effects are felt further afield, too. The fear is that a chain reaction could be triggered causing weather pattern changes across the whole of South and possibly even North America, if not globally.
But forest loss is not inevitable. As is often the case, correction comes down to providing the right incentives. Sizer told me Brazil has invested heavily in remote sensing technologies, allowing them to clamp down on illegal forest logging within days — bolstering their enforcement efforts.
On top of this, the removal of harmful subsidies for inefficient cattle ranching has reduced pressure to convert forest land to pasture, while local government subsidies have been made available so that municipalities are better able to manage forestry properly. What this illustrates is that forest loss is not an inevitability. If they are managed responsibly with a long term perspective, the resource will continue to thrive.
And despite the concerns with respect to delicate tropical ecosystems under threat, it has to be recognized that back here in the U. According to the University of Michigan, since , 90 percent of virgin forest in the lower 48 states has been cleared away and threats to forestry remain today. Activities in the past may have decimated old growth forest, and today, proper management and responsible forestry practices are as important here as anywhere else.
So what are the threats in the USA? According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO , globally around 40 percent of the annual industrial wood harvest is processed for paper and paperboard.
This figure includes both industrial roundwood and sawmill by-products, and the volume has doubled since the s. But is this the case?
Researchers at the USDA Forest Service Products Laboratory FPL found that the lowest rates of deforestation occur in regions with the highest rates of industrial wood harvest and forest product production. The research suggests that an economically sound forest products industry promotes forest preservation.
Forest Service data support this economic and land use reality. The number of forested acres in the U. South rose from An economic counter-argument is that demand for paper and other forest products provides an incentive to keep growing, harvesting and regenerating planted forests for continuous, sustainable use. Intensive planted forest use helps set aside valuable natural forests for conservation and limited commercial use.
With a goal of turning adversaries into allies, the Dogwood Alliance has pointed the way for this important industry in the American South, to leave a smaller impact on natural forests.
According to Dovetail Partners, changes in major certification programs in recent years like FSC and SFI make it increasingly difficult to differentiate between certification systems in North America.
An increasing supply-demand for products such as palm oil and soybeans are driving producers to clear forests at an unnerving rate. Farmers often clear the land for cattle by using slash and burn techniques cutting down trees and burning them.
Unfortunately, they will then use the property until the soil is completely degraded and repeat the process on a new patch of woodland. Eventually, it'll reforest, but it will take many years to return to its original condition. Cattle ranching and deforestation are strongest in Latin America. Over the past 40 years, forest area has reduced my almost an astounding 40 percent.
During the same period, 40 years, pasture regions and cattle population have grown significantly and rapidly. Forests are essentially the lungs of our planet. All plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Trees are able to convert more carbon dioxide than a regular plant, though. Forest loss is often caused by climate change. Tropical rainforests are extremely humid due to the water vapor released along with the oxygen.
But when a forest is cut down, the humidity levels decrease and causes the remaining plants to dry out. For example, drying out our tropical rainforests increases fire damage.
Fires can be both accidental and intentional but destroy forests quickly. The oceans are becoming more acidic with an increased supply of carbon dioxide from deforestation and burning fossil fuels. Oceans are already 30 percent more acidic since the Industrial Revolution, putting ocean species and ecosystems at an extreme risk.
Orangutans, giant pandas, rhinos, and the Asian elephant are just a few of hundreds of endangered species due to deforestation. Removing trees thins the forest canopy which is meant to block sun rays during the day and holds in the heat at night. This damaging disruption leads to extreme temperature swings that are harmful to plants and animals. Many animals, insects, and plants lose their habitats and may become endangered and even go extinct.
Without trees to secure fertile soil, erosion often occurs and sweeps sacred land into nearby rivers. Erosion also causes contaminants in the soil to leach into the water supply which will greatly decrease the quality of our drinking water. Trees are also crucial for our local water cycles as they assist in returning water vapor to the atmosphere.
When the protective forest canopy and roots have been destroyed, the soil will lose its proportions to retain water and is washed away into rivers and streams. Millions of people in the world depend on forests for hunting, small-scale agriculture, gathering, and medicine. Common materials we use every day such as latex, cork, fruit, nuts, natural oils, and resins are found in the tropical forests.
Deforestation disrupts the lives of millions of people. In Southeast Asia, deforestation has contributed to social conflict and migration. Poor people from Brazil have been lured from their villages to soy plantations where they can be abused and forced, at gunpoint, to work under inhumane conditions. Use Renewable Wood Resources. We can plant trees as a source of wood or use wood from second-growth forests.
Looking for a job? Contact your local tree-planting organization! Sustainable, locally sourced wood can be used and charcoal for cooking or heating homes is a great alternative to fossil fuels—if locally sourced.
Palm oil is in absolutely everything but a quick peek at the ingredients is a simple habit to get into. Soybeans are another deforestation hotspot but try finding ways to reduce consumption, avoiding it completely, or opting for organic, local if possible soy products.
Opt for recycled paper products, including printing paper, notebooks, napkins, toilet paper, etc. Purchase from companies who are committed to reducing deforestation. Purchase from Sustainable Companies. If buying products from virgin forest fiber, make sure it bears a seal from a credible forestry certification system. Such as the Forest Stewardship Council. Deforestation Facts 28, species may go extinct in the next quarter century due to excessive deforestation. Soil erosion, floods, and wildlife extinction increase in global warming.
There are more than natural remedies in the rain forest are used as medicine. Each year forests the size of Panama are lost. Deforestation is speeding up global warming. Financial profits are the main reason for deforestation. Buying products with eco-friendly packaging will help prevent deforestation.
Global deforestation and forest degradation are problems of a global scale, but how much does paper consumption impact them?
Free Research Paper on Deforestation. Deforestation is the removal of trees and other plants from forest areas more quickly than they can be replanted or regenerated naturally. It is a problem because of the parts that the trees have to play in stabilising the climate, atmospheric composition and soil structure.
Deforestation is defined as the conversion of land from forest to other uses such are agriculture, livestock or residential development. According to the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), a variety of factors leads to deforestation: Agricultural expansion is a leading cause. Some wood products, such as fuelwood and timber, largely drive forest degradation—which is often the precursor to deforestation. Others, such as pulp and paper, may come from deforestation in Southeast Asia or from plantation forests around the world.
Deforestation essaysEarth without forests is a picture that most of humankind presently could not conceive. Forests cover much of the planet's land area. They are extremely important to humans and the natural world. However, deforestation has been consuming our forests. Deforestation brings abo. Since the mids the majority of deforestation for pulp and paper production in the tropics has occurred in Indonesia, primarily on the island of Sumatra.