Double-space the entire research paper, including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited. Indent the first line of a paragraph half an inch from the left margin. Leave one space after a period or other concluding punctuation mark, unless your instructor prefers two spaces.
On a new, double-spaced line, center the title fig. Do not italicize or underline your title, put it in quotation marks or boldface, or type it in all capital letters. Follow the rules for capitalization in the MLA Handbook 67—68 , and italicize only the words that you would italicize in the text.
Do not use a period after your title or after any heading in the paper e. Begin your text on a new, double-spaced line after the title, indenting the first line of the paragraph half an inch from the left margin. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay.
If your teacher requires a title page in lieu of or in addition to the header, format it according to the instructions you are given. Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin. Type your last name, followed by a space, before the page number fig. Do not use the abbreviation p.
Your writing program will probably allow you to create a running head of this kind that appears automatically on every page. Some teachers prefer that no running head appear on the first page. The list of works cited appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes. Begin the list on a new page. The list contains the same running head as the main text. The page numbering in the running head continues uninterrupted throughout. For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited , an inch from the top of the page fig.
If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin.
This format is sometimes called hanging indention , and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs. Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use. Double-space the entire list.
Continue it on as many pages as necessary. Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate. A table is usually labeled Table , given an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters. Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.
Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. If an image is untitled, create a brief, descriptive title for it. Do not italicize this title or place it in quotes, and capitalize only the first word and any proper nouns. Seal of the society set in a landscape with ornaments.
Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society , vol. Photograph of a horse running. The Father of the Motion Picture. To cite an interview you have conducted as part of your research, give the name of the person you interviewed, the type of interview, and the date or range of dates. Give the name of the person who wrote the email. The title is the subject line of the email.
For "Received by," the name will usually be your own. Finish with the date of the email. Student Login Faculty Login. Need the 7th Edition? OR A recent newspaper article demonstrated just how thoroughly the neighborhood's gruesome past has been forgotten by its residents Jackson. A specific page Cortois 70 If the author's name is included in the text of the sentence where the citation takes place Jacobs has argued this point Multi-volume set Green 1: Citing multiple authors See Authors , below.
Authors One author Example: Works Cited List Example: In-Text Citation Fontela, Pablo, et al. In-Text Citation "Hints and Notions. Titles Titles of books, periodicals, art works, reports and Web sites are italicized. Volume and Issue Numbers Volume and issue numbers are often not available for articles in online periodicals. Online periodical where volume and issue numbers are not given Journal of Family Counseling , Page Numbers Source Example Page range whose first number is over not not Do not repeat any numbers that can be easily inferred by the reader.
Online periodical where page numbers are not given Persuasions , vol. Simply omit page numbers and give the URL after the publication date. Citing a Source within a Source Scenario: Wills cited in Robbins notes that Top Articles Academic Journals: Free Web Cohen, Lara Langer.
In print Jordan, Stephanie. More info In-text citation examples General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc. Include volume and issue number example: Free Web Grossman, Lev. In print Aviv, Rachel. Free Web Brady, Heather. In print Beard, Alison. When an issue of a magazine covers several months, the name of the first and last month in the range should be given in the citation, separated by a dash, for example: Free Web Michaels, Andrew.
In print Brown, Patricia Leigh. Give the page number on which the material you've used appears in your in-text citation, for example: In print Grimes, William. The name of the work being reviewed should be preceded by "Rev. Edited book Miller, John, and Tim Smith, editors.
Numbered edition other than the first Wardle, Elizabeth, and Doug Downs, editors. Revised edition Culliney, John L. Multi-volume set Green, Constance McLaughlin. Chapter or article in an anthology Toibin, Colm. Note on publisher element: MLA citation style no longer includes the publisher's city, only the publisher's name.
If the publisher's name includes "University" or "Press," abbreviate those, without periods, for example: U of Pittsburgh P, Free Web Seton, Ernest Thompson. Book chapter from a library database suggested format Thompson, Kate. Author is an organization Poetry Foundation. In print Information Security: Top Dissertations and Theses MLA does not provide official citation formats for dissertations and theses retrieved from online sources, but we recommend the use of the following: Free Web Caprette, Christopher L.
In print Caprette, Christopher L. Free Web Angelova, Anelia Nedelcheva. In print Angelova, Anelia Nedelcheva. Top Images MLA provides limited guidance on citing images: Free Web Rousseau, Henri. Image reproduced in a printed source Rousseau, Henri. Untitled Image If an image is untitled, create a brief, descriptive title for it. Image reproduced in a printed source Muybridge, Eadweard. Give the number of the page that the image appears on after the book's publication information.
If known, the collection which owns the image should be included in your citation along with its location as shown above. E-mail message Doe, Jane. The entire work or a work that has no page numbers Include information in the text of your paper that will allow the reader to locate the source in your works cited list. Fontela, Pablo, et al.
Child and Family Behavior Therapy , vol.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
How to Cite an Essay Online in MLA. This is similar to a chapter in a book or anthology. Cite the author of the essay, the name of the essay, the name of the collection, the editor of the collection, the publication information, and the page number(s) of the essay.
How to Format an MLA Paper Easily: The Best Online Citation Generator. A good paper should be based on reliable evidence and proper research. You can never claim other people's ideas as yours, so it is necessary to mention the authors of your source materials. Students often fail to do so, but not because they want to copy someone's work. Modern Language Association style provides guidelines for referencing all the sources that you use to research your paper topic. In MLA, you collect all your references on a Works Cited list that appears after the last page of your paper.
How to cite a quote in an essay. According to MLA, you when citing a quote you should omit quotation marks, start it with the new line, use double spacing and include the citation after the punctuation ends. And in APA you should just include the last name of the author, the year and also the page number. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay. If your teacher requires a title page in lieu of or in addition to the header, format it .