You can begin your composition directly from a prose-based outline. Be sure to gather bibliographic information as you go. Start with a factual statement about your subject. Some people like to start broad and work their way into a research topic. This reaches those people who want to know the broad appeal of your work.
If you're writing a paper on the importance of comics, you could assert the importance of comic books since the s.
If you want to discuss the role of farmers in the American Revolution, you can make a blanket statement about the complex causes of the revolutionary movement. This is how most people begin their research papers. They don't want to make their subject seem too obscure, so they write about larger points before jumping head first into their topic.
And make sure that everyone can agree with your broad statement. You don't want to have your readership criticizing your argument from the beginning. You need to build a certain degree of trust. By all means, avoid the "Throughout history" or "In modern society" types of opening lines. These are so overused that they have become hackneyed, and they will damage your credibility as a writer before your reader has looked at another word.
Review what else has been written on your topic. One of the best ways to begin a paper is to tell your audience what else exists. If you are writing on the role of farmers during the American Revolution, begin by discussing those works that directly or tangentially discuss the subject.
Then explain how your work adds to the conversation or does something differently. This will answer that nagging question in your readers' minds - why do I need to read this research paper? We've all seen those individuals who begin papers or speeches by quoting Webster's Dictionary. It is hackneyed most of the time because the speaker or author defines a common word that most people know. If your topic is more obscure or the audience knows nothing about it, you might need to start by establishing a baseline of knowledge.
But don't go for the standard "Webster's Dictionary defines philately as See if you can make your opening line attention-grabbing or intriguing. Begin with a true story. This works well for history papers in particular. A story about an individual family that attacked a quartered British soldier in the middle of the night for eating all of their bread would be a suitable story for a paper on the role of farmers in the early American Revolution.
By setting up this story at the beginning, you'd be able to return to it periodically over the course of your paper to illustrate points and to re-assert your thesis statement. Understand what is conventional for your field. You can begin with broad analytical statements or with a story for most fields, but in some it is less appropriate and helpful than others.
While historians can make use of both broad claims and stories, biologists might not be able to. If a biologist wanted to write a paper on the photosynthesis process in celery stalks, they might not want to begin with a story - especially not a hypothetical one. It would just seem silly.
In short, know your audience. Who will read this paper? Will they enjoy the way you began your story? If you aren't sure about how to start your essay, have a look at some published works in your subject. They'll be a lot fancier than your paper needs to be, but they can give you a sense of that subject's conventions.
Write your first draft. During this draft, you will answer your primary question with your thesis statement and then systematically support that statement with evidence acquired during your research phase. Write a complete rough draft before you start editing. It is easier to get all of your thoughts out on the paper especially if you have a solid outline to follow and then go back and edit.
It will disrupt your thought process. Some writers find it helpful to write the body of the text and then return and write the introduction and conclusion. This gives them a better sense of what exactly they want to argue. You must always edit spelling, grammar, and content personally. Be aware of homonyms.
They are the primary type of word missed by spellcheck. Make sure you cite work correctly. Check with your professor to find what kind of style you should use. They each use a different method of citation. Be sure to give the author credit. Depending on the assignment, you may write a works-cited page instead. Works-cited pages include those sources you specifically drew from. A bibliography can include other works that you are aware of, but did not reference in the body of your paper.
In general, bibliographies should be organized by type of source and by alphabetical order. Revise your draft again for clarity and argument. Consider printing it out and making notes with a pen and pencil. Some writers read their papers aloud. Hearing your words forces your brain to process them differently. This makes finding errors a little easier. Submit your final draft after several revisions. Make sure to give yourself plenty of time before the deadline to submit your essay, especially if you are submitting it online.
If many students all try to turn in their papers at Look for scientific studies related to videos games and children, interview the parents of kids who play video games, and perhaps conduct an experiment of your own at home.
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Participants There were 30 male participants. Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room. The shock generator had switches labeled with different voltages, starting at 30 volts and increasing in volt increments all the way up to volts. The switches were also labeled with terms which reminded the participant of how dangerous the shocks were.
Procedures The participant met another "participant" in the waiting room before the experiment. The other "participant" was an actor. Each participant got the role as a "teacher" who would then deliver a shock to the actor "learner" every time an incorrect answer to a question was produced. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner.
The learner would pretend to be shocked. As the experiment progressed, the teacher would hear the learner plead to be released and complain about a heart condition. Once the volt level had been reached, the learner banged on the wall and demanded to be released.
Beyond this point, the learner became completely silent and refused to answer any more questions. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
When asking the experimenter if they should stop, they were instructed to continue. Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks. All 40 participants continued to give shocks up to volts. Most of the participants became very agitated, stressed and angry at the experimenter.
Many continued to follow orders throughout even though they were clearly uncomfortable. The study shows that people are able to harm others intentionally if ordered to do so. It provides evidence that this dynamic is far more important than previously believed, and that personal ethics are less predictive of such behavior. A short summary of the article. Current theories about the topic. What were the results obtained? What are our thought about the results compared to other relevant theories.
Through the text there are references, sources of knowledge, which you've used. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth May 21, Example of a Research Paper. Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
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How to write a science fair project research paper. Includes key areas for research and sample papers. If these reasons sound to you like the reasons we gave for doing background research, you're right! The research paper is simply the "write-up" of that research. Before starting to write, think about the best order to discuss the major.
When scientists start writing a research paper, they already have their files with data, lab notes with materials and experimental designs, some visuals, and tables with results. All they need to do is scrutinize these pieces and put them together into a comprehensive paper.
May 14, · How to Write a Research Introduction. The introduction to a research paper can be the most challenging part of the paper to write. A humanities or social science paper will most likely present more opportunities to deviate in how you structure your paper. How can I start an introduction for research paper on ethics in workplace. Answer 78%(). format for the paper Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner.
For a longer research paper, where you use an outline, A behavioral science paper only needs to mention Pavlov and Skinner in passing, The introduction is the place to highlight any weaknesses in the experiment from the start. For example. EXAMPLE OF A RESEARCH PAPER START OF EXAMPLE [Page 1 - text aligned in the center and middle of the page] Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments. Search this site: Leave this field blank. Want to stay up to date? Follow us!