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Phobias Essay

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❶Reading materials about adolescents and for adolescents are another window into their world that teachers should be looking into.

Overrepresentation of Minority Students With. This study has noted that educators are noting better methods to assist these students rather than placing them in special education classes which fail to assist these students in school or across the span of their lifetime endeavors. Among these methods are those noted by Knotek and Craig, Hull, Haggart and Perez-Selle which involves educators and school counselors assisting in addressing the difficulties faced by these students in the school environment and which may include but are not limited to addressing the needs of students as well as their strengths through strategies of individualized behavior contracts, specialized counseling techniques and culturally appropriate reinforcements that serve to encourage positive behavior on the part of the culturally and linguistically diverse…… [Read More].

Object Relation Attachment Theories and. During the next chapter of this clinical case study dissertation, the Literature eview section, this researcher relates accessed information that contributes a sampling of previous research to begin to enhance the understanding needed to help a patient "grow" not only in therapy, but also in life. The apparent low number of "official" verbal abuse cases likely relates to…… [Read More].

American Psychiatric Association Released the. According to the manual, the personality disorder 'is clinical syndrome which has more long lasting symptoms and encompass the individual's way of interacting with the world; the mental disorder includes paranoid, antisocial, and borderline personality disorders' House, The deterioration of the physical condition is considered to be likely cause of the development, continuance, or exacerbation of clinical syndromes, developmental disorders and personality disorders.

The DMS-IV manual has elaborated the conditions experienced by the patients in particular those under sever psychological trauma, and the physicians have been provided with the best possible technique to address the psychological pains and mental sufferings.

The mental sufferings have their origin which is socially, politically, and naturally motivated or self-imposed James, The occurrences of the tragic events due the life span has the potential to create mental disorder, there have been cases where the patients have reflected their vulnerability of the mental dissatisfaction…… [Read More]. The book, Charlotte's Web is probably the best selling paperback and is really a story about a farm, and how friendships develop between different animals and how they help each other.

In this book, the most important development is the friendship that develops between Wilbur and Charlotte. Wilbur is a pig and Charlotte is a spider which turns out to be the leader of all animals. The book developed as a natural consequence to the author having resided on a farm and seen all the animals in action. In this book, Charlotte ends up saving the pig from slaughter and in practice; the author himself had tried to save a pig and not succeeded. The author has written about many such animals, but this became the most popular.

Animals were dear to the author and though the animals…… [Read More]. Nursing Consideration for Patients With. Behavioral approaches alone or combined cognitive behavior therapy may be used. Behavioral techniques might include simply not buying trigger foods or avoiding certain shops; that is, building up new habits to replace existing ones. Another example would be modifying eating behavior such as eating in the same place each day, or concentrating solely on eating and not watching television at the same time Fiona Mantle, However, at the same time, it is also worth noting here that since eating habits can be transformed through learning, they can also be unlearned, however, the process of unlearning may take place through a lengthy passage of time.

As Fiona Mantle writes, "Eating behaviors are learned behaviors therefore they can be unlearned,…… [Read More]. It led to loss of many lives, and it was unavoidable. The tragedy left many people with worries asking how the tragedy like that could happen to threaten the lives of many Americans Brinkley, The sinking of Lusitania on the other hand, contributed to various impacts on America as well as, the World War One.

However, the Americans were never interested in joining the war unless they had finished another two years. The Lusitania sinking also enraged many Americans as well as, hastening the people from United States' entrance into the…… [Read More]. Theories of Psychology in Group Work. Psychology in Group Work Learning Theory There are many theories that describe the process of human development. Most of us have identified with the learning theory.

The learning theory has been given credit because it makes sense. In this article, we shall discuss one theory, which the author developed in an educational setting. The focus is on Bandura who is the key theorist in his learning theory Agnew, Behaviors are taken into focus in Bandura's learning theory. The theory is significantly useful offering techniques of teaching and modifying of behavior. In the following sections, examples are going to be provided. This study will begin with clarification of the basic concept of the specified theory.

This will be followed with a discussion of the theory's practical use: The learning theory of Bandura The learning theory of Bandura provides that we learn from one…… [Read More]. Omniverous vs Vegan Diet Omnivorous. Diets for body weight control and health: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Trends in carbohydrate, fat, and protein intakes and association with energy intake in normal-weight, overweight, and obese individuals: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89 5: Nutritional Strategies in Type 2 Diabetes. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, 76 3 , Weight and metabolic outcomes after 2…… [Read More].

DSM IV-T Grade course Alcohol intake, getting high, cocaine addiction and withdrawal symptoms are some of the terms widely heard by everyone in their day-to-day lives.

Although they may sound interesting, habitual or a source of entertainment, they can transform into serious illnesses. Due to this fact, substance-related disorders are listed in the DSM IV-T which includes the disorders associated with drug intake, related to the side effects of a medicine and also to the exposure of toxins. The symptoms of substance related disorders commonly occur due to high dosage of medication.

However, it may lower down as soon as the dosage reduces or is put to an end. The examples of some of these medicines include anesthetics, anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, anti-depressants, and more Durand, M. As mentioned earlier, apart from medications, there are a number of other chemical substances which might also be the factor in causing the…… [Read More].

Biopsychosocial Assessment on Child. A Biopsychosocial Assessment In the Yakin-directed film Fresh, a year-old boy -- "Fresh" -- struggles to balance school and a tumultuous home life with the drug-running activities that allow him to make and save money. Though Fresh is intelligent, ambitious, and highly motivated to rise above his current station in life, as an African-American living in the crime-driven projects, his perceived opportunities for advancement are limited.

As a result, Fresh makes money in the only way he knows how; as an inner-city drug mule for the number one suppliers of heroin -- "smack" -- and cocaine, referred to as "base. Giving Thanks Broke it. And gave it to his Disciples, saying, 'This is my Body, which is given to you. Historically, at the Last Supper, Christ used bread and wine as a supreme metaphor for the rest of our lives.

Jesus was in turmoil. He was aware of what was about to befall him -- namely, suffering and death. This was the last major lesson he would teach before his arrest following Judas' betrayal. Eschatologically speaking, the above set the stage for the Christian ministry of the apostles, evangelists and priests. Indeed, every Christian is called to give of him or herself for the Glory of God and the Glory of Mankind.

The message at the Last Supper was powerful. People have put themselves through…… [Read More]. Mutism Parents not with great joy as their children meet important developmental milestones. Inexplicably, sometimes children who have talked for several years suddenly stop talking. Typically the child becomes selectively silent, talking animatedly with family and known friends but becoming mute at school or with strangers.

When the problem is severe and exists over a period of time, the child may be diagnosed with selective mutism. In one example, a child who was almost five years old started preschool, and after two weeks, refused to speak either to the teacher or his classmates.

He also cried at arrival and would ask his parents to take him home. At home he spoke, but only to his mother, but clearly and in complete sentences. He communicated only…… [Read More]. Cognitive Unconscious by John F Kihlstrom Cognitive Unconscious, by John F. Kihlstrom addresses the idea that many processes and mental structures that affect what happens in a person's conscious mind are actually processed in the unconscious mind. That would mean that a lot of the things people do, they are doing based on information they may be processing without realizing it Kihlstrom, In other words, people take in information about the world around them all the time, but much of it is unconscious information they do not realize they are collecting.

Even though they have not realized the collection of this information, they use the information to help them make decisions and to determine how they feel about things Kihlstrom, There has been a great deal of past research that does indicate mental functions can be altered by information that was provided subliminally or even under hypnosis, as opposed to information the person…… [Read More]. Theories of Behavior Applied. Behaviorist and Cognitive Theory Psychology took a center stage and significant change in the early 20th Century when the behaviorism school of thought became dominant.

This was a major change from other theoretical perspectives that existed before hence rejecting emphasis on unconscious and conscious mind. Behaviorism strove to see that psychology becomes a more scientific discipline in that focus will be mainly on observable behavior. This approach to psychology whereby the elements of philosophy, methodology and theory are combined.

The primary tenet of behaviorism as it was expressed by JohnB. F Skinner in writing is that the primary concern in psychology should be the behaviors that can be observed both in humans and animals and not the unobserved events which take place within the minds of individuals. This school of thought maintains that behaviors can easily be described scientifically without recourse either to any psychological events that occur internally or…… [Read More].

Influence and Presence Professional. Professional Presence and Influence Professional Presence Discuss the differences between two models of health and healing e. Analyze differences between one of the models discussed in part A1 and your professional presence i. Discuss how your professional presence mindful or distracted influences your nursing practice. Personality Preferences Submit your results from the Keirsey Temperament personality test. Analyze your test results, including areas that may or may not align with how you view yourself.

Evaluate how the preferences identified by the test align with your relationships, favorite activities, and career choices. Discuss two potential challenges or barriers e. Mindfulness Practice 14 1. Develop a mindfulness practice plan…… [Read More].

Benefits and Costs of Gamification in Mental Health. Gamification in Mental Healthcare There is no doubt that we have had decades of research geared at developing new and more effective treatments for mental conditions ranging from autism to anxiety, from schizophrenia to depression and so on. What is rather worrying, however, is that we have very little to show for it.

Mental disorders such as these continue to impact on the quality of life of a significant proportion of the population, costing the taxpayer millions of dollars every year. Currently, approximately 90 million Americans, which translates to approximately one-third of the population, suffers from some form of anxiety disorder, yet a majority of these fail to seek out treatment for the same owing to the stigma, burden and cost associated with such evidence-based treatments.

Mental health professionals are, thus, focusing their attention towards the development of low-burden, effective interventions for mental illness.

Gamification, the introduction of game-like elements…… [Read More]. K has a twenty-year history of mental health conditions. She first decided to contact mental health services because of the episodes of paranoia and severe depression she had experienced.

During her initial contact with the mental health services she was diagnosed with schizo-affective disorder in When she was first referred to the mental health services department she was a single.

She told of having only two close relationships in her past life. She however also said that she found these relationships challenging when it came to intimate contact. She also generally described that she found it somewhat difficult to form friendships or to trust people in her life. Despite the mental health conditions her general physical well-being was good.

K was prescribed…… [Read More]. Beck and Cognitive Therapy. The theorist who responsible for developing cognitive therapy is Aaron T. Beck has been the recipient of countless awards and honors in recognition of his contributions to the field of psychotherapy and he continues to research and write despite his advanced age. This paper provides a biographical description of Dr. Beck, followed by an analysis of an application of his cognitive therapy to depression.

Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning Dr. Beck and cognitive therapy are presented in the paper's conclusion. Beck and Cognitive Therapy Introduction One of the early pioneers of research into psychoanalytic theories of depression is Aaron Temkin…… [Read More]. Childhood Developmental Disorders and Their Treatment.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and the Difficulties Associated ith the Assessment and Treatment of Psychological Childhood Disorders By any measure, childhood is a challenging period in human development where young people are forced to actively participate in the educational process while developing human relationship skills that they will need for the rest of their lives.

Against this backdrop, it is not surprising that many young people experience behavioral difficulties that detract from their ability to attain their full academic and social potential including one of the most commonly diagnosed conditions, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. To gain some new insights into this condition, this paper reviews the relevant literature concerning attention deficit hyperactivity disorder followed by a discussion concerning the difficulties that are associated with assessing and treating psychological childhood disorders.

Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity…… [Read More]. Analyzing the Summary Chapters. Stress is delineated as demand that is made on a being for adaptation, coping, or adjusting.

There is stress that is healthy and is referred to as eustress. Prolonged stress impacts moods, ruins capacity to have pleasure and is also harmful to the body. Some of the aspects that generate a great deal of stress include everyday hassles, changes in life and also health problems. According to a survey undertaken by the American Psychological Association, the two biggest sources of stress are money and work and this causes people to become irritable, angry and fatigued.

There are four kinds of conflict. Approach-approach conflict is the least stressful, having two objectives that can be attained whereas avoidance-avoidance conflict has more stress as one is enthused to evade two adverse objectives.

Approach-avoidance encompasses objectives that generate mixed intentions and lastly multiple approach-avoidance conflict include numerous alternative actions that have upsides and downsides. Archives of Gen Psychiatry Annual Review of Psychology. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior: Treatment of addiction and anxiety using extinction approaches: Neural mechanisms and their treatment implications. Retrieved 6th June, from http: Changing behavior at work.

Social phobia - children, causes, DSM, functioning, therapy, adults, drug, person. American Psychiatric Association Social Anxiety Disorder May. Anxiety Recovery Centre Victoria Social phobia - Better Health Channel. Social Phobia View Full Essay. Social phobia and attentional avoidance of faces. Manuscript submitted for publication. Cognitive behaviour therapy for anxiety disorders. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Social anxiety and self-impression: Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, -- Impaired positive inferential bias in social phobia. References Armfield, Jason M. A model of the etiology of fear. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, The Power of Reinforcement. State University of New York Press. Exploring the limits and utility of operant conditioning in the treatment of drug addiction. The Behavior Analyst, 27, Behavioural addictions in adolescents and young adults: Results from a prevalence study.

Journal of Gambling Studies, 27, The Rosen Publishing Group. Learning how to face your fears. The Nation's Health, 45 4 , Merck Manual of Medical Information: Retrieved on September 24, from http: Self-exposure for panic disorder with agoraphobia. Retrieved on September 23, from http: Justifying Islamophobia View Full Essay. Making Muslims the Enemy. The Miseducation of the West: Practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with panic disorder.

Evidence-based guidelines for the pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorders: Retrieved from psychologist anywhere: Pharmacological management of panic disorder. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, Social anxiety and attention away from emotional faces. Cognition and Emotion, 13, A cognitive-motivational analysis of anxiety. Behav Res Ther, 36 9 , Statistically, this outcome may be anticipated in 1 out of every 20 tests. Psychology Counseling View Full Essay. Kalighat, the home of goddess Kali: The place where Calcutta is imagined twice: A visual investigation into the dark metropolis.

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Accessed on 16 February, Starting School. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Accessed on 16 February, Social Anxiety View Full Essay. References American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-IV-TR.

Assessment and treatment of social phobia. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 42, -- Psychological Assessment, 9, Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56, Distribution and determinants of mouse allergen exposure in low-income New York City apartments.

Environmental Health Perspectives, 10 , Transferable residues from dog fur and plasma cholinesterase inhibition in dogs treated with a flea control dip containing chlorpyrifos. Environmental Health Perspectives, 11 , Dog bite incidence in the City of Pittsburgh: American Journal of Public Health, 87 10 , Recommendations for research on ethics in public policy from a public administration perspective: Barking dogs and more.

International Journal of Public Administration, 24 1 , Panic disorder during pregnancy and postpartum period. European Psychiatry, 21, Effects of parental anxiety disorders in children at high risk for panic disorder: Journal of Affective Disorders, 94, Childhood abuse and familial violence and the risk of panic attacks and panic disorder in young adulthood. Psychological Medicine, 35, Infant prematurity and low birth weight.

Anxiety Disorders, 20, Hennessy Mental Health Services: A Public Health Perspective. Research Methods in Psychology. References American Psychiatric Association: Beck, Aaron T; Freeman, M.

References Conrad, Patricia J. Implementing a Model of Change in Integrating. References Aarons, Gregory A. The pediatrician role in treatment of alcohol-related disorders. Retrieved January 20, from http: Pediatrics, March v95 n3 p 4. Works Cited Broderick, P. Human Development for Helping Professionals 2nd ed. Treatment of Panic Disorder: Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 24 3 , Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28 2 , Social Anxiety Disorder and Alcohol Use.

Childhood Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis, Treatment, and School Reintegration. School Psychology Review, 33 1 , Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia. Client Attachment to Therepist: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 42 1 , References Fact-sheet on older Americans.

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References American Psychiatric Association, Levels of object representation in anaclytic and introjective depression. References James Roy Morrison. Social phobias are common in both men and women, and generally develop after puberty and peak after the age of thirty.

For a more extensive list, see the table below. Those that persist into adulthood rarely go away on their own, however, and can be quite disabling without treatment. Unlike many other psychological disorders, phobias are very easy to treat, and most people who seek treatment completely overcome their fears for life. The most popular treatment involves systematic desensitization, a type of behavior therapy.

This treatment is based on the idea that phobias are created by a process of respondent conditioning and can be eliminated by creating a new response to the stimulus that elicits the fear. The idea is simple: This usually involves a series of training sessions on progressive relaxation, in which the patient learns to relax his or her entire body on demand.

Once this skill is mastered, the desensitization sessions can begin. These involve presenting a series of non-threatening situations that progressively begin to approximate the feared situation more and more closely. Consider, for example, the treatment used for Megan, a young woman with a fear of dogs. After she has learned the relaxation response, the therapist introduces a series of photographs of dogs.

As she sees each one, she is cued to relax. When she is consistently able to relax in the presence of the photos, the recorded sound of barking on tape is added. When she can consistently relax in the presence of the photos and barking, a real dog is introduced into the room, but is kept in a cage across the room.

Eventually, she will be able to relax fully while touching the dog, and her fear is therefore gone. The relaxation component of systematic desensitization is also sometimes replaced by a shortcut:

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Phobia from cancer is common more in females at 25% while in males its only 11%. It is not the same as phobia from diseases, this is only phobia from cancer and all its types (e.g. heart cancer, lung cancer, .

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Phobias essays People have had some fears since the beginning of the have found different and unnatural things secretsofengraving.tkly,these fears affect people starting from their childhood, because people cant see the difference between unreal things and real things wh.

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Throughout the essay there will be three different treatments with three different phobias in ways to cure a phobia; the first is a trauma-focused treatment approach for travel phobia, assessment and treatment for childhood phobias, and hypnosis in faci. Apr 27,  · A phobia is an anxiety disorder in which a person will experience a strong, irrational fear of a situation, object, or activity. Adults with fears usually realize they .

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Phobias In "Phobia," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia , A phobia is an intense and persistent fear of a specific object, situation, or an activity. /5(5). A phobia is an excessive or unreasonable fear of an object, place or situation. Simple phobias are fears of specific things such as insects, infections, flying. Agoraphobia is a fear of being in places where one feels “trapped” or unable to get help, such as in crowds, on a bus, or standing in a queue.