At the individual level, everyone should respect the rights of others. Human rights are the inalienable, indivisible, and material possibilities of the individual guaranteed by the state to possess and use specific benefits: Providing freedom, the state makes the emphasis on the free, as much as possible independent self-determination of a person in some spheres of public life. It provides the freedom of the person primarily by non-interference of the country itself, and of all other social subjects.
Consequently, freedom is the independence of social and political subjects, expressed in their abilities and capabilities to make their own choices and to act in accordance with their interests and goals. The task of the state is not only to guarantee the human rights and freedoms, but also to minimize the adverse effects of its intervention in social and economic processes.
This task is quite contradictory. On the one hand, the excessive activity of the state in its relations with civil society can lead to a significant narrowing of the range of rights and freedoms of citizens.
The most extreme situation is totalitarianism, under which the freedom of individuals and groups is not available, almost all social relations are regulated by the state. On the other hand, reducing the number of state functions and even the destruction of the state itself, as the anarchists propose can lead to the loss of stability in political relations, conflicts and crises. That is why a balanced policy of both the state and other political actors is required.
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You will get rid of the boring task, and you will enjoy your free time while our qualified team will write the essay on human rights for you. Visit our website for more details. Essay About Human Rights: Rights And Freedoms In: What are human rights? Universalism and inherence The human rights universality principle forms the basis of the international law of human rights. Interdependence and indivisibility The human rights are a single unit, they are interrelated and interdependent.
The principle of equality and non-discrimination The principle of non-discrimination is a universal principle of international law on human rights.
Rights and duties The recognition of human rights is not only a right for their implementation, but also the performance of certain obligations. Classification of the human rights Personal rights right to life, personal dignity, the right to freedom and security.
Political rights freedom of speech and the media, right to information, right of association, the right to hold public events, the right to participate in government, right to appeal to the government, private property rights, labor freedom, the right to entrepreneurial activity, right to health and medical care, right to housing, right to social security, right to education. Economic Human Rights right to private property, the right to inherit. Social human rights right to social security, the right to housing, the right to health.
Cultural Human Rights right to education, access to cultural values, free participation in the cultural life of society, right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress, right to the freedom of creativity in all spheres of human activity: Intellectual property as a creative activity product is protected by law. Basic human rights Recognition of human rights and freedoms as the supreme value, a person has them from birth.
Implementation of human rights and freedoms without infringement of the rights and freedoms of others — equality of all before the court and the law.
Equality of men and women. Priority of generally accepted international standards to the laws of a state. Strictly defined conditions that allow the restriction of the rights by the law. Prohibition of the use of the rights and freedoms for the forcible change of the constitutional order, incitement to racial, national or religious hatred for propaganda of violence and war.
By democratizing access to justice through P. By judicial-monitoring of State-run Institutions like Jails, Reformatory homes, juvenile homes, mental asylums, Police Station and the like. Chief Justice of India as its first Chairperson. Ananda is leading the NHRC at present. It has five members, of whom one must be a judge of the Supreme Court, another must be a Chief Justice of a State High Court, and two others must be chosen from among persons having knowledge of or practical experience in matters relating to Human Rights.
The Chairperson and other members of the Commission shall hold office for a period of five years or till they attain the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier. The Commission enjoys autonomy from the method of appointment of its members, their fixity of tenure and other statutory guarantees so assured to them. The Commission also enjoys financial autonomy. The Chairperson and the members of the Commission are removed from office by the President on the grounds of proved misbehaviour and in capacity on an inquiry conducted by the Supreme Court.
The Commission has its own investigating staff to investigate into complaints of human rights violation. It can also make use of the services of any officer of investigating agency of the Central or State Government.
A retired State Chief Secretary Sr. SM Patnaik has been taken as one of its members. While conducting inquiry into the complaints received by the Commission, it shall enjoy all powers of Civil Court trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, The Commission can summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses, receive evidences on affidavits, requisition any public record, produce any document and issue Commissions for examination of any witness. It may also hold its own inquiry, if no response is received from the concerned Government and Authority.
After the inquiry is completed, the Commission may take any of the following appropriate steps: It is clear that the NHRC enjoys no power to take any binding decision. It has to depend on other agencies like the Supreme Court or High Courts, or concerned Central and State Governments to enforce its recommendation.
The Commission also faces several limitations. It has made Commendable work in matters like Police and Prison reforms, improvement of Juvenile Homes. Problems of refugees and emigrants and Kidnap victimization. The Commission in the SLP has sought further investigation by an independent agency and has sprayed for setting aside the impugned judgement in the Best Bakery Case.
The Times of India, August 1, The Sardarpura Case relates to the asphyxiated death of 33 people in a room in Sardarpura Village in Mehsana distinct. In the Golbarga society case, 39 people including Ex-MP.
Ehsan Jafri were killed. The TOI, August 9, Here the role of the NHC has strengthened the cause of protection of human rights against arbitrary violation and miscarriage of justice, if only. Its vigilance and alertness have enhanced public awareness of the importance of the Human Rights. It has taken note of promptly ensuring safeguard of rights. Through Seminars, workshops, and media- publicity, the Commission has educated Public and Government officials including Police, Jail, para-military and army-personnel to ensure effective promotion protection of human rights, keeping away all kinds of physical and mental torture.
Secondly, the NHRC has also encouraged NGOs to take up the cause of the poor and distressed in safe enjoyment of their rights as human beings. Thirdly, the Commission has left no stone unturned to make the Central and State Governments answerable accountable and responsive to all human rights issues and to take appropriate action against the human rights violators. Fourthly, the Supreme Court and the High Courts have made significant contributions, through their directives issued to the Governments in PIL matters in addressing public grievances against violation of human rights caused by acts of State-arbitrariness and Government excess.
PIL actions in India have been effective and commendable in several important human rights violation cases, such as: This list is only illustrative and not exhaustive. Increase in terrorist and Naxalite activities have a serious consequential impact on Human Rights in India.
The most serious flaw of human rights lies in an absence of enforcement-mechanism. The powers to enforce human rights are weak and thus, of no use. Hence, a delayed justice violates human rights. Lastly, the best safeguard of human rights lies in the positive role of the Media publicity which generates public awareness and builds up an alert and vigilant public opinion.
The media-reports on starvation-death in Kalahandi District in Orissa and sale of infants by the tribals in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh are the eye-openers relating to violation of human rights. The human rights movement has always a brighter prospect if the people of India are assured by their right to information. They must know what is happening around them. Such a mechanism to ensure right to know if rightly developed, can ensure both promotion and protection of human rights and prevention of their violation.
We have to wake up to this expectation. Reservation System in India.
Types of Human Rights: Human rights in general, may be of two types: (a) Rights which are essential for the dignified and decent human existence, and (b) Rights which are essential for adequate development of human personality.
Importance of human rights: The importance of the human rights movement is that it tells people that one cannot call a society a good and a just society until all its citizens enjoy these human rights. The human rights laws aims at eliminating unjust discrimination against any human being.
Database of FREE human rights essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample human rights essays! Human rights are those rights which are fundamental for living and for normal human existence. They are based on the concept that every man and woman, irrespective of caste, creed, colour, race and nationality is born with certain fundamental rights such as, right to live, speech, freedom, justice, etc.
Basic human rights. Recognition of human rights and freedoms as the supreme value, a person has them from birth. Implementation of human rights and freedoms without infringement of the rights and freedoms of others – equality of all before the court and the law. Equality of men and women. - Human Rights Essay Many people and nations around the world are deprived of human rights. The government in the countries or nations usually can not help the people .