This honors the significance the researchers place on meaningful human actions and their historical context.
The Goal of an Interpretivist Approach to Research With interpretivist research, the goal is to develop an understanding of the subjects and the topic. This differs from most other data collection and research methods because it shifts the focus away from making and proving the researcher's predictions.
It runs all the information gathered through the filters of social constructs, cultural norms and relationships between subjects and researchers. The Connection Between the Researcher and Subjects One of the key principles of the interpretivist approach is that there's a connection between the researchers and the way research is conducted and the research subjects. The way questions are asked, the tone of voice used by the researcher and even the subject's comfort level with the researcher affects the results.
Comfortable dialogue is considered important in getting accurate responses so the researchers are more involved and active in the actual research than they'd be in other types of research study approaches. Data Collection Techniques for Studies Using the Interpretivist Approach The primary data collection techniques for studies using the interpretivist approach are personal interactions between the researcher and subjects. The methods include interviews and observation.
While there might be a set of questions prepared that each subject is asked to answer for an apples-to-apples comparison, the interview questions tend to be unstructured.
This lets the conversation flow naturally between researchers and study participants. It also builds a rapport that improves the accuracy of the research findings. Reviewing written texts provided by subjects is also a method used in this type of research in conjunction with the interviews and observation.
Subjective, Qualitative and In Motion Reality is considered to be subjective and changeable because it's based on cultural standards that frequently change. This type of qualitative research takes that into account and weighs the results of the data against current social norms. The results are tied to things going on in society at the time of the research, and that makes taking the time to create a connection between the researcher and subjects even more important in interpretivist research.
The Findings of an Interpretivist Research Study Because the findings emerge during the course of the research, the results are presented in a present tense report that acknowledges the possibility of change. In this conception, knowledge is the product of perception, observation, based in sense-data that are combined to form complex conceptions.
These sense-data are interpretation-free facts that provide a foundation to knowledge, guaranteeing its validity. In both rationalism and empiricism it is believed that an objective epistemological foundation can be found that will justify claims to valid knowledge, without reference to authority divine or otherwise , or to speculative metaphysics.
For rationalism the foundation is provided by reason, rationality, logic. For empiricism it is provided by the brute data of sensation, of experience. The empirical-analytic conception of inquiry appeals to both of these foundations. Inthis conception, knowledge comes from systematic testing of hypotheses, through experimentation or quasi-experimentation. Measurement including psychological testing provides an objective, interpretation-free record of empirical regularities.
Formal logic, especially the rules of statistical inference, allows both summary descriptive statements and testing of explanatory causal models.
But these conceptions of inquiry founder on epistemological conundra that have their source in underlying--and often denied--ontological assumptions. A mental-material dualistic ontology introduces problems that cannot be overcome. Knowledge mental is about things in the world material. Valid knowledge corresponds to the way things really are: Neither observation nor reasoning can provide this guarantee--they are not the interpretation-free foundations they have been claimed to be.
In short, empirical-analytic inquiry assumes, still, that there are epistemological foundations to inquiry. This assumption is abandoned as fruitless by interpretive research.
Hermeneutics Interpretive research is hermeneutic in character. This too is something we shall examine in more detail later, for now it suffices to say that hermeneutics is the reading, the interpretation, of messages and texts. A few basic but important points: A text must be read to make sense: Second, any text is open to more than one reading: Third, texts are read in context: But interpretive research works with action as well as texts; human action can be fixed as a text-analog with consequences that Paul Ricoeur has described.
It is sometimes said that interpretive research can only be descriptive, not explanatory.
WHAT IS INTERPRETIVE RESEARCH? Interpretive methodologies position the meaning-making practices of human actors at the center of scientific explanation.
Interpretivism (interpretivist) Research Philosophy Interpretivism, also known as interpretivist involves researchers to interpret elements of the study, thus interpretivism integrates human interest into a study.
made because of interpretation: an interpretive distortion of language. of or relating to those arts that require an intermediary, as a performer, for realization, as in music or theater. offering interpretations, explanations, or guidance, as through lectures, brochures, or films: the museum's interpretive center. An interpretivist approach is a way to conduct research that includes the researcher's subjective analysis as an important aspect. This type of research is based on empathy and understanding the perspective of research subjects. While many research projects begin with a hypothesis and work to prove.
Most simply, interpretive research is often described as ‘qualitative’ to distinguish it from the ‘quantitative’ character--the number-crunching--of traditional research. There is some truth to this, but it can be misleading, in two respects. Interpretive research is a framework and practice within social science research that is invested in philosophical and methodological ways of understanding social reality.