Douglass then moved to Washington, D. Throughout the Reconstruction era, Douglass continued speaking, and emphasized the importance of work, voting rights and actual exercise of suffrage.
Douglass's stump speech for 25 years after the end of the Civil War emphasized work to counter the racism that was then prevalent in unions. The ballot box, jury box and the cartridge box. Let no man be kept from the ballot box because of his color. Let no woman be kept from the ballot box because of her sex.
These included Bates College in Lewiston, Maine , in Douglass and Anna had five children: Charles and Rosetta helped produce his newspapers. Anna Douglass remained a loyal supporter of her husband's public work, even though Douglass's relationships with Julia Griffiths and Ottilie Assing , two women he was professionally involved with, caused recurring speculation and scandals.
Pitts was the daughter of Gideon Pitts Jr. The marriage provoked a storm of controversy, since Pitts was both white and nearly 20 years younger than Douglass. Her family stopped speaking to her; his children considered the marriage a repudiation of their mother. However, feminist Elizabeth Cady Stanton congratulated the couple. The Freedman's Savings Bank went bankrupt on June 29, ,  just a few months after Douglass became its president in late March.
Hayes was elected President, Douglass accepted an appointment as United States Marshal for the District of Columbia , which helped assure his family's financial security.
In , Douglass visited Thomas Auld, who was by then on his deathbed, and the two men reconciled. Douglass had met Auld's daughter, Amanda Auld Sears, some years prior; she had requested the meeting and had subsequently attended and cheered one of Douglass' speeches. Her father complimented her for reaching out to Douglass. The visit also appears to have brought closure to Douglass, although some criticized his effort.
That same year, Douglass bought the house which was to be the family's final home in Washington D. They expanded the house from 14 to 21 rooms, and included a china closet. In , Douglass both published the final edition of his autobiography, The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass , and received another political appointment, as Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia.
However, Anna Murray-Douglass died in , leaving the widower devastated. After a period of mourning, Douglass found new meaning from working with activist Ida B. He also remarried in , as mentioned above. Douglass also continued his speaking engagements and travel, both in the United States and abroad.
At the Republican National Convention , Douglass became the first African American to receive a vote for President of the United States in a major party 's roll call vote. Many African Americans, called Exodusters , escaped the Klan and racially discriminatory laws in the South by moving to large northern cities, as well as to places like Kansas where some formed all-black towns to have a greater level of freedom and autonomy.
Douglass did not favor this, nor the Back-to-Africa movement , which he thought resembled the American Colonization Society he had fought in his youth.
In , at an Indianapolis conference convened by Bishop Henry McNeal Turner , Douglass spoke out against the separatist movements, urging blacks to stick it out.
I cannot shut my eyes to the ugly facts before me. In , Douglass constructed rental housing for blacks, now known as Douglass Place , in the Fells Point area of Baltimore.
The complex still exists, and in was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. During that meeting, he was brought to the platform and received a standing ovation. Shortly after he returned home, Douglass died of a massive heart attack.
Thousands of people passed by his coffin to show their respect. Although Douglass had attended several churches in the nation's capital, he had a pew here and donated two standing candelabras when this church had moved to a new building in He also gave many lectures there, including his last major speech, "The Lesson of the Hour.
Douglass' coffin was transported back to Rochester, New York , where he had lived for 25 years, longer than anywhere else in his life. The most influential African American of the nineteenth century, Douglass made a career of agitating the American conscience. He spoke and wrote on behalf of a variety of reform causes: But he devoted the bulk of his time, immense talent, and boundless energy to ending slavery and gaining equal rights for African Americans.
These were the central concerns of his long reform career. Douglass understood that the struggle for emancipation and equality demanded forceful, persistent, and unyielding agitation. And he recognized that African Americans must play a conspicuous role in that struggle. Less than a month before his death, when a young black man solicited his advice to an African American just starting out in the world, Douglass replied without hesitation: Many public schools have also been named in his honor.
Douglass still has living descendants today, such as Ken Morris, who is also a descendant of Booker T. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Frederick Douglass disambiguation. By country or region. To my Old Master Thomas Auld. List of things named after Frederick Douglass. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Biography portal Maryland portal. The old fences around it, and the stumps in the edge of the woods near it, and the squirrels that ran, skipped, and played upon them, were objects of interest and affection.
There, too, right at the side of the hut, stood the old well. My Bondage and My Freedom. Retrieved November 3, Retrieved April 20, Retrieved October 31, Retrieved December 22, Retrieved September 4, Retrieved September 21, The Florida Historical Quarterly. Retrieved March 18, Big Ideas in U. The Autobiographies of Frederick Douglass. Phylon — , 40 1 , Since he did not talk, look, or act like a slave in the eyes of Northern audiences , Douglass was denounced as an imposter.
Retrieved October 6, My point here is, first, the Constitution is, according to its reading, an anti-slavery document; and, secondly, to dissolve the Union, as a means to abolish slavery, is about as wise as it would be to burn up this city, in order to get the thieves out of it. But again, we hear the motto, 'no union with slave-holders;' and I answer it, as the noble champion of liberty, N. Rogers , answered it with a more sensible motto, namely— ' No union with slave-holding.
Narrative of the Life of an American Slave. Retrieved January 8, Frederick Douglass began his own story thus: In successive autobiographies, Douglass gave more precise estimates of when he was born, his final estimate being He adopted February 14 as his birthday because his mother Harriet Bailey used to call him her "little valentine ". Note that, though Amanda Barker's web site devoted to the Douglass birthplace states that you can't find it with tour books and guides, that is no longer the case.
Archived from the original on December 22, Based on the extant records of Douglass's former owner, Aaron Anthony, historian Dickson Preston determined that Douglass was born in February Retrieved November 27, Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass, an American slave. Written by himself 6 ed. The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass: Frederick Douglass , Teachinghistory. Accessed June 3, The Frederick Douglass encyclopedia. Retrieved February 27, Martin March 1, The mind of Frederick Douglass.
Retrieved March 7, Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. Retrieved December 20, National Park Service ". Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Written by Himself, Critical Edition. Cambridge University Press, p.
Retrieved March 17, The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. My Bondage and My Freedom Retrieved March 15, New York and Auburn: Retrieved December 8, The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, Frederick Douglass , pp.
Holloway House Publishing, Rising Up from Slavery. Retrieved April 28, Frederick Douglass in Ireland: Rutgers University Press, , pp. Encyclopedia of African American History, — Retrieved February 2, Retrieved March 3, Text of the "Declaration of Sentiments", and the Resolutions. Retrieved on April 24, Report of the Woman's Rights Convention, July 19—20, Retrieved April 24, O'Meally November 30, Retrieved February 1, The Frederick Douglass Encyclopedia.
Selected speeches and writings. Chicago Review Press, Diane Publishing, February 1, , p. Liveright imprint of Norton. Retrieved August 2, Retrieved August 3, Retrieved May 11, Retrieved on November 26, Lee , p. A Precursor of Liberation Theology.
Voices of the African diaspora. Frederick Douglass to James G. Blaine concerning a U. Frederick Douglass's last major speech, 'Lessons of the Hour,' a Listen to this page. The collection is organized in the following series: A single diary that Douglass kept during his tour of Europe and Africa, Includes letters Douglass received from prominent reformers and politicians, including Susan B.
Speech, Article and Book File. Includes bank books, receipts, checks, ledgers, contracts, stocks and bonds, and insurance policies. Holds wills, deeds, mortgages, copyrights, lawsuits, and miscellaneous legal documents. Web Page Rights and Access The Library of Congress provides access to The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes.
Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. The written permission of the copyright owners Article Articles and Essays. Article Frederick Douglass Timeline Date: Mother is a slave, Harriet Bailey, and father is a white man, rumored to be his master, Aaron Anthony.
He had three older siblings, Perry, Sarah, and Eliza. Article to Makes an escape plan but is discovered, jailed, and then released. He returns to work for Hugh and Sophia Auld in Baltimore and is hired out to work as a caulker in a Baltimore shipyard.
The knowledge he gains there helps him escape slavery two years later. Article to Returns from overseas tour; moves to Rochester, New York. Article to March Daughter Annie dies in Rochester.
The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress presents the papers of the nineteenth-century African American abolitionist who escaped from slavery and then risked his freedom by becoming an outspoken antislavery lecturer, writer, and publisher.
The Frederick Douglass Papers has created this website to assist the general reader to learn more about Douglass and his accomplishments, and the scholar to have faster access to the thousands of documents that illustrate his career.
About the Frederick Douglass Papers Edition John W. Blassingame, Founding Editor The Frederick Douglass Papers Edition originated in at Yale University, as a result of consultations among the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, the Association for the Study of African American Life and History and John W. Blassingame, Professor of History at Yale. Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress presents the papers of the nineteenth-century African American abolitionist who escaped from slavery and then risked his freedom by becoming an outspoken antislavery lecturer, writer, and publisher. The online collection, containing approximately 7, items (38, images), spans the years .
Frederick Douglass’ Paper Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, February – February 20, ) was an American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman. The Frederick Douglass Papers: Series Three: Correspondence, Volume 1: [Frederick Douglass, John R. Kaufman-McKivigan] on secretsofengraving.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This volume of The Frederick Douglass Papers represents the first of a four-volume series of the selected correspondence of the great American abolitionist and reformer.