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Using Animals in Research:pros and Cons

Pro: Life-Saving Medications and Vaccines

❶Animal Testing Pros and Cons. It provides an ethical alternative solution to testing.

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Con: Inhumane Treatment in Animal Experimentation

It enhances the safety of the products being released. Animal testing helps to lessen the risk of an unplanned event occurring when humans use or ingest the products that are part of the animal testing experiment. Drugs can be potentially and immediately harmful to humans, especially during the testing phase of a product, so animal testing allows for researchers to determine the quality and safety of a product before humans take it. There are no other testing alternatives. Animals are the closest thing to humans on our planet.

If one assumes that human life is more valuable than animal life, then performing experiments on animals makes sense because it offers the chance to explore how the various living systems within a body may react when exposed to a test sample.

Animals and humans share numerous systems, including the central nervous system, and the data collected can be used to improve products. Some animals are almost carbon copies of humans. With similar organs, circulatory systems, and reactions to an illness, researchers can look at how animals react and be able to make comfortable prediction about how humans might react.

It offers a different set of legalities. Testing humans with invasive experiments could result in death. Although there will always be a risk when testing new items, even after animal research has provided positive data, the risks to a human without animal research would be incredibly high.

Through animal research, the legality of accidentally causing the death of an animal is very different than what would occur with the accidental death of a human.

It provides an opportunity to examine a complete life cycle. In many countries, the average life expectancy of a human exceeds 70 years of age. Some nations have an average life expectancy of over 80 years. In comparison, a mouse has a lifespan of years, allowing researchers the opportunity to study through research and experimentation how something may affect the life cycle.

Any long-term research involves mice and rats because of this unique aspect to the research. There are protections in place for the animals. Although animal research may have ethical concerns, the US has regulated its practice since Veterinarians are required to inspect the living conditions of the animals. Committees must approve animal research and be held responsible for the humane treatment of each animal.

Access to food and water is mandatory, as are shelters that follow minimum sizing standards. Are tests done on animals, such as drug interactions, proved to have the same effects on humans? Are there any alternatives to using animals in research?

In the past, animal research has played a major role in the advancement of medical treatment. The French chemist Louis Pastiur studied infectious diseases in animals and found that these diseases derived from external microorganisms.

Pastiur proved through these experiments that a vaccine to prevent these diseases could be produced. It's breakthroughs like this that have people believing that animal research is necessary.

I believe that this is not the case. Many of our medical discoveries such ad antibiotics, CAT scans, aspirin, and anesthetics have been developed from nonanimal experiments. Nonanimal experiments include automated devices, computers, test tube cultures of cell and tissue cultures, physio-chemical studies, behavioral studies and postmortem studies on humans.

Use of these types of experiments have proved beneficial not only to humans but also to animals. Despite the fact that the conditions of animals in labs are monotonous, stressful, and very unnatural for them, invasive experimentation persists, and even when the endpoint is death. Whether animal experimentation is good or bad really depends on who you are asking.

But, if it is condone by society, then there must be some advantages to it, even if the benefits are at the expense of animal lives. Contributes to many cures and treatments that save many human lives The majority of the medical breakthroughs that have happened in the last years were direct results from animal research and experimentation, according to the California Biomedical Research Association.

Insulin, for example, was discovered through an experiment where dogs have their pancreases removed. The Anderson Cancer Center animal research also associated the vaccine for Hepatitis B with experimentation on chimpanzees.

Without these experimentations, thousands, if not millions, of diabetic patients and those with hepatitis B would have been killed every year. Provides adequate living, whole body system test subject No other living thing in this planet has the closest anatomical structure as humans than animals. A human body is extremely complex that cell cultures in a petri dish cannot provide sufficient test results or proof that a cure or product is effective.

Testing a drug for side effects, for example, requires a circulatory system that will carry the drug to different organs. Studying interrelated processes is also best done in subjects with endocrine system, immune system, and central nervous system, something humans and animals have. What about the use of computer models?

They would require accurate information that is gathered from animal research. Humans and animals are also biologically similar, having the same set of organs, bloodstream and central nervous system, which is why they are affected with the same diseases and health conditions. Given these circumstances, animals used in experimentation do serve as appropriate research subjects.

Provides an ethical alternative for testing Most people would say that it is unethical to use humans for invasive experimental procedures, especially when it can result in death. The lives of human volunteers must not be endangered when testing medicines for side effects or potential toxicity. Ethical consideration must also be made when genetic manipulation would be involved. Human trials must be preceded by animal testing, as stated by the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

But, if animals could talk, they would probably demand the same ethical considerations. Offer benefits to animals themselves Animal experimentation is not only beneficial to humans but animals as well. If the vaccines were not tested on them, a lot of them could have died from rabies, infectious hepatitis virus, anthrax, feline leukemia, and canine parvovirus. Remedies for hip dysplasia and glaucoma were also discovered through animal testing.

But the real highlight is that vivisection helped kept endangered species, such as the California condor, the tamarins of Brazil, and the black-footed ferret, from becoming extinct.

This is why animal testing is endorsed by the American Veterinary Medical Association. Allow researchers to study a test subject for a whole life span Humans can live up to 80 years or more, which means some scientists would be dead before others results will be gathered. Laboratory mice, on the other hand, only live for 2 to 3 years, giving researchers an opportunity to study effects of genetic manipulation or treatments over an entire lifetime.

In some cases, they can continue to study across several generations. This is why mice and rats have been used for long-term cancer research. Animals are protected from abuse and mistreatment Contrary to what most opponents believe, animal research is highly regulated, with laws enacted to protect animals. Since , the federal Animal Welfare Act have been regulating animal experimentation. Fewer animals are used in research than as food for humans Compared to the amount of chicken, cattle, sheep and pigs that humans eat, relatively few of them are used in experimentation.

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Pros of Animal Research To begin, research using animals may lead to new medications being discovered. Examples of medications that have been the result of animal testing are Penicillin, several asthma treatments, cancer and .

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All proposals to use animals for research must be approved by an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) set up by each research facility. Humane treatment is enforced by each facility's IACUC, and most major research institutions' programs are voluntarily reviewed for humane practices by the Association for Assessment and .

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List of Pros of Animal Experimentation. 1. Contributes to many cures and treatments that save many human lives The majority of the medical breakthroughs that have happened in the last years were direct results from animal research and experimentation, according to the California Biomedical Research Association. Home 10 Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation 10 Pros and Cons of Animal Experimentation Millions of animals are being used for experiments in the US each year.

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On the contrary, animal research ethics and the integrity and morality of such tests have been questioned by environmentalists. Pros PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) supporters will stand in unison against the support of animal testing. Animal Testing Pros and Cons |List of 8 Facts to Consider Animal testing is a process in which small animals like rats, mice, rabbits, pigs, dogs etc. are used for experimentation. This is a regular practice in drug development and other areas of scientific research.