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5 Long-Term Sources of Fund for a Company | Accounting

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Long-term internal sources of finance are retained profits and provision for depreciation whereas external sources are Share Capital, long-term loan, and debentures.

Retained profits and accumulated depreciation are as good as funds available to the business without any explicit cost. These are the funds completely earned and owned by the business itself. They are utilized for expansion as well as working capital finance. Long-term external sources of finance like share capital is a cheaper source of finance but are not commonly used for working capital finance.

Working capital can be classified as temporary working capital and permanent working capital. It is advisable to use long-term sources for permanent and short-term sources for temporary working capital requirements. This will optimize the working capital cost and enforce good working capital management practices.

He is passionate about keeping and making things simple and easy. Running this blog since and trying to explain "Financial Management Concepts in Layman's Terms". Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Short-term financing is often less costly. Short-term financing offers flexibility to the borrower. Short-term financing is provided by the following: Short-term credits mature more frequently.

Short-term debts may, at times, be more costly than long-term debts. Credit extended by trade creditors in short-term, is usually unsecured, and is known as trade credit. Trade credit is also sometimes referred to as commercial credit, mercantile credit, and accounts receivable credit. Commercial Banks Commercial banks are institutions which individuals or firms may tap as sources of short-term financing. A commercial bank is defined as any corporation which accepts or creates demand deposits subject to withdrawal by check.

Originally, the banking system is composed of four highly distinctive components. They are the following: Savings banks; and 4. Rural banks The four components perform different functions. The functional differences, however, have been reduced by reforms in the Philippine banking system.

Banking activities which have been previously exclusive for a component are now performed by another or all of the other components. A development bank premier development, for instances, also performs a previously commercial banking function of checking accounts. Types of Short-term Loans 1. Unsecured loans — also called clean loans, are those which do not require collateral.

Commercial Paper Houses A commercial paper is a short term promissory note, generally unsecured, which is sold through commercial paper dealers or directly to investors. Commercial papers are issued by finance companies and business firms that borrow funds in the money market.

Finance Companies Finance companies are those which are engaged in making short and intermediate term installment loans to consumers, factors of finance business receivables, and finance the sale of business and farm equipment. Funds are raised by finance companies, just like any other corporation, by issuing stocks and bonds, borrowing from the banks, and selling their commercial paper.

There are three major types of finance companies. The sources of funds refer to the mediums by which an organization raises its long-term capital and working capital. The organization can select any of the sources of funds depending upon the need and gestation period of the project to be financed. Involve the public issue of equity and preference shares in the stock exchange. Issuing shares is the most common method of raising long-term capital because there are various many investors who are ready to invest in the capital market.

Therefore, shares are used to finance projects having long gestation period. Involve the collection of funds by issuing debentures in the stock exchange. When an organization issues debentures, it needs to pay a fixed rate of interest to debenture holders.


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Sources of Short-Term and Long-Term Financing for Working Capital. A constant flow of working capital is an intrinsic component of a successful business.

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SOURCES OF SHORT-TERM CAPITAL Trade creditors Suppliers extending credits to a buyer for use in manufacturing, processing, or reselling goods for profits.

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Aug 29,  · Long-Term vs. Short-Term Sources Long-term and short-term sources of finance are viewed differently by experts. Analysts consider that a company with a large amount of short-term debt to be more vulnerable financially. In business finance: Short-term financing The main sources of short-term financing are (1) trade credit, (2) commercial bank loans, (3) commercial paper, a specific type .

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Short-term financing deals with the demand for and supply of short-term funds which may either be secured or unsecured. SOURCES OF SHORT- ADVANTAGES OF SHORT-TERM CREDITS. Sources of working capital can be spontaneous, short term and long term. Spontaneous working capital includes mainly trade credit such as sundry creditor, bills payable, and notes payable. Short term sources are tax provisions, dividend provisions, bank overdraft, cash credit, trade deposits, public deposits, bills discounting, short term loans, inter corporate loans, and commercial paper.